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How Do Turbochargers Work?

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urbochargers main parts, consist of a compressor wheel, turbine wheel and connecting shaft. These wheels are connected with a shaft so that turning the turbine wheel will turn the compressor wheel.
 
The engine exhaust gas, turns the turbine wheel of a turbocharger. This turns the compressor wheel and more air is compressed and fed to the engine. That increases an internal combustion engine’s efficiency and power output, but according to Gas laws, increasing the air pressure will increase its temperature. passing this air into the engine can reduce efficiency and cause knocking.
 
In order to cool this air, an intercooler is used in the middle to cool the air before it enters the engine. This will increase the charge density and provides volumetric efficiency.

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